The word dashboard has an English meaning. It used to be the name of the raised front of a horse carriage or horse cart, which had to protect the coachman against mud and objects thrown up by the horse's hooves. Today, the dashboard is a large designed panel, in which all the necessary parts are fitted that come in handy while driving.
Various (often electrical) parts are mounted in the dashboard, such as:
- Instrument panel (with kilometer or mile counter).
- Radio, sometimes with loudspeakers on the top or bottom of the dashboard.
- Control unit of the air distribution valve / heating / air conditioning / stove motor.
- Switches for eg rear window heating, lighting and seat heating.
Behind the dashboard, which you actually never see, are also mounted parts, such as:
- A crossbar mounted between the A-pillars (from left to right) where the dashboard and steering column are attached
- Steering column
- Fuses and a relay block (often accessible through a hatch)
- Wire Harness
- Heater motor with ventilation ducts
- Glovebox (Sometimes cooled via the air ducts from the heater motor)
- Insulation to prevent engine noises (and therefore vibrations)
- Airbags (these tear from the dashboard, so no caps that jump loose)